"Basics of Football"

AIFF logo: The official rule of Indian football helps the players to play the game in a free manner. It will give the football player to play with ethics. The football match is played in 2 halves of 45 minutes each. There are several rules in the sport of football regarding the players, penalties, field, offence and defence. The stipulated size of the field is to be strictly followed internationally.  As per international standard, the length of the rectangular football field (pitch) is in the range of 100 to 110 m (110 to 120 yards) and the width is in the range of 65 to 75 m (70 to 80 yards). 


Fairplay in Football 
Alongside the laws of the game, FIFA advocates a Fair Play programme. These are mentioned below- 

* Play fair on the field. 

* Play to win but accept defeat properly. 

* Observe the Laws of the Game. 

* Respect everyone involved in the game. 

Football in India Basics of Football 

At the basic level, football is a game with two teams of 11 players, played over the course of 90 minutes. The clear-cut aim of a football match is to score more goals than the opposing team. 


Laws of the Game- 

Field of Play 
The ground can be naturally prepared surface, but all important games are played on an artificially prepared surface like Astroturf. However, the shape of the field must be rectangular. 

* Goal Area: Extends 5.5 metres from each goalpost and extends 5.5 metres out, with the two lines falling in a vertical line. 

* Penalty Area: The extent of the penalty area starts 16.5 metres from both goalposts and extends 16.5 metres out, with the two lines falling in a vertical line. 

* Flag post: Having a quarter-circle shape with a 1-meter radius on the field located at each corner. 

* Goals: the 7.32-metre area between the posts, and 2.44-metres high. 

The Ball 
The ball is naturally spherical, with a circumference of 27-28 inches and weight of 410 to 450 grams. The can be made of leather or any similar material as well. 

Number of Players 
The total strength of a team is 11 out of which 1 player is designated as a goalkeeper who is permitted to handle the ball with his hand in his team's penalty area. 

Field of Play Equipment
Basic equipment is the team jersey, shorts, shin guards with socks and studded boots or trainers depending on the surface. 

The rules and restrictions are handled by the referee who adjudicates the match in collaboration with two linesmen who are referred to as referee's assistants and a fourth official, situated on the touchline, based on requirement. 

Duration of the Match 
The match officially lasts 90 minutes, segmented into two 45-minute halves with a half-time interval of no longer than 15 minutes. For the preliminary knock-out stages of competitions, extra-time is designated for the match if there are no winning goals after the stipulated match time of 90 minutes. The extra time is specified as 30 minutes, which is split into two 15 minute halves. 

Start and Restart of Play 
The game starts with a coin toss, by winning the toss, the team will get the choice of choosing which end to attack or whether to kick-off. 

The perennial problem for newcomers in football is to understand the offside rule. 

Punishment for Offences 
If any player acts as a culprit and persistently offends during a match by intentionally obstructing an opposing player, the referee can choose to take extra action against a particular individual: 

* Yellow Card- This represents a warning to a player for misbehaving on the court. If the yellow card is shown twice to the same player, it means as a Red Card by which he has to clear the field. 

* Red Card – By displaying a red card it means that the player is expelled from the match and disallowed to play for the rest of the match. 

Corner Kick Free Kicks 
While taking a free kick, the opposing team should stay at least 10 yards away from the ball until the kick is delivered. When this minimum distance rule is not adhered to, the kick shall be retaken. Generally, there are two types of free kick based on the position of the foul: 

* Direct Free Kick – By this kick, the team which is allowed the free kick is allowed to take a direct shot at the opponent's goal with the opposing team staying at least 10 yards away from the ball. 

* Indirect Free Kick - A direct strike on goal is not permitted, meaning any shot must come from the second player to touch the ball after the kick is taken. 

If a direct strike is successfully made on goal, a goal kick to the opposition is given. 

Goal Kick 
Goal kick occurs when the ball is passed over the goal line, excluding that portion of the goal posts. This can be either in the air or on the ground, having last been played by one of the attacking team. It could be kicked directly into play beyond the penalty area from a point within that half of the goal area nearest to where it crossed the line, by a player of the defending team. 

Penalty Kick 
A penalty kick is decided by the referee for offences taking place in the penalty and goal area. With the only goalkeeper to beat, a nominated member of the team is awarded to take the penalty to strike at goal from the penalty spot. 

When the whole ball crosses the touchline it is delivered off the field of play with both hands and from behind and over the deliverer's head.