Psoriasis is related to autoimmune disease, which manifests as outbreaks on the skin. It is a chronic form of skin disorder.
This disorder is not contagious, and cannot infect others. However, the outbreak of this debilitating disorder from one skin surface to another happens more quickly, especially when you leave it untreated.
The plaque psoriasis is the most common form, causing skin cells multiply abnormally faster, especially on top of the skin. The thick patchy, red and shiny skin cells are results of these skin cells. These abnormal looking skin patches are quite painful and embarrassing for some too. In addition, people suffering from this skin disease find themselves at the corner as they assume others behave differently during flare-ups.
We cannot have exact reasons behind its outbreaks. An average of 7.4 million peoples develops psoriasis in the U.S. The prevalence of this disease is more common in the family with a history of this condition.
Does It Spread?
Many may assume that it is infectious and contagious. But, the scaly patches of psoriasis do not spread from person to person, except on the skin surface. It is the immune system of the patients to blame for spreading, and making it worse with days.
The development of the disease depends on the person’s immune system, and therefore there is a variety of surfaces on the body to be affected. Provided plaque psoriasis, it is visible on the different surfaces such as outer elbow, knees, scalp, and definitely other parts of the body.
Psoriasis known as erythrodermic is quite adamant and spreads almost every part of the body, making the skin surface appear with red patches. This type of psoriasis is rarely found, and can be fatal for the patients. Since, it spreads rapidly; an immediate doctor consultation is required.
Another type of psoriasis referred to as inverse psoriasis appears in the skin folds such as underarm.
How Does It Happen?
People with genetic risks are highly susceptible to develop this once they come into contact with the trigger. Other key factors contributing to the development of this chronic disease are-
· Skin injuries
· Vaccines and sunburns
· Skin infections and other infections
· Different types of medications such as malaria treating drugs, cardiovascular and hypertension drugs and use of indomethacin.
Prevention of Psoriasis
The first thing to know about psoriasis is that it is not curable, but treatable. The symptoms of this disease come and go, but never disappear. All you can do is to avoid its triggers. So, identify these triggers and alleviate your symptoms and pain.
Stress reduction- it is important that you reduce stress as it puts a negative impact on your life. You can use many techniques as stress busters like yoga, meditation, and psychotherapy.
Avoiding Specific Medications
In order to restrict the effects of certain medications on your autoimmune systems and reduce inflammation, you should immediately stop them. Avoid lithium, antimalarial drugs, inderal and indomethacin.
Prevent Skin Injuries
· Taking care of your skin is useful to prevent skin injuries and avoid its pain.
· Use sunscreen and hats when staying outside
· Wearing long gloves and sleeves when exposed to the sun
· Use bug repellant while spending time outside
There are more to it to prevent psoriasis from spreading from one part to another. Your doctor can help you in this regard.